Chinese Electric Vehicle manufacturer NIO, launched its second, more affordable SUV, the ES6 – with a driving range of more than 300 miles in China.

The SUV which starts at $53,000 is ≈$15,000 cheaper than it’s bigger sibling ES8, which the company launched last year. 

According to NIO, ES6 is the world’s first electric vehicle in the world to use both a permanent magnet and induction magnet motor. The ES6 which comes standard with dual-motor all-wheel drive, can accelerate from 0-100 km/h in less than 5 seconds. Max horsepower reads an impressive 544 ps.

Daniel Ren, Shanghai bureau chief of South China Morning Post, said, “The ES6 uses a high-efficiency permanent magnet motor – responsible for medium and low-speed daily driving, and a high-performance induction motor which kicks in to provide extra acceleration and speed.”

ES6’s electric all-wheel driving system consists of a 160 kW high efficiency Permanent Motor and a 240 kW high performance Induction Motor. 

In December 2017, NIO launched a seven-seat SUV, ES8 – at a starting price of (US$68,000) before subsidies. The ES6 will start at a much lower price point, 370,000 Yuan ($53,634), making it more affordable than the older sibling. 

The Shanghai-based NIO, backed by Chinese internet giant Tencent holdings raised nearly $1 billion on the New York Stock Exchange via an initial public offering in September this year.

The company reported sales of 3,268 ES8s in the third quarter of 2018. But sales went on an overdrive with NIO delivering a reported 2,059 units in October. 

As of Dec. 15, Nio said it has delivered 9,726 units of its ES8 SUV since deliveries began in late June. Based on November figures, that means Nio delivered 1,696 vehicles in about two weeks and is on pace to reach its target of 10,000 for the second half of 2018.

                     – CNBC

Tesla on the other hand had a torrid time in China.

Media reports from China indicated that Tesla sold just 211 Model S and X in China in October, a 70% drop in sales compared to last year. But Tesla disputed the claim without releasing any official statement. More details will emerge only after Tesla reports its fourth-quarter 2018 earnings. 

Caught in the US-China trade war, Tesla was one of the first companies to increase price by 20% in July this year. The price increase had a major impact on Tesla’s third quarter revenue from China which dropped by nearly 27% compared to last year. 

Tesla then slashed price by 12% to 16% in November. 

After Beijing announced that it will temporarily suspend 25% tariff on US Auto exports for 90 days starting January 1, 2109,  Tesla immediately rolled back prices to near pre-trade war levels.

The suspension of additional tariffs will give some breathing space for Tesla, but unless the tariffs are dropped permanently, sales in China will take a massive beating as evidenced by the sharp revenue drop in the third-quarter of 2018. 

Tesla Model S with 75 kWh battery now starts at 742,300 Yuan ($107,600) in China, which is nearly 37% more than what the same model costs in the United States.

China charges 15% tariff on vehicles imported to the country.  When local taxes and other duties are added on top of import tariff, the price of the car often increases by more than 30%.  

In a third quarter press release, Tesla drew our attention to the challenging environment the company faces in China, the largest and one of the fastest growing electric vehicle market in the world. 

The company said that it “continues to lack access to cash incentives available to locally produced electric vehicles in China that are typically around 15% of MSRP or more. Taking ocean transport costs and import tariffs into account, Tesla is now operating at a 55% to 60% cost disadvantage compared to the exact same car locally produced in China.”

Though the Chinese auto demand is expected to be weak in 2019, electric vehicles continue to gain market share at a brisk pace. In the first ten months of 2018, China sold 860,000 New Energy Vehicles, a 75% increase over the 777,000 units that were sold in the 12 months of 2017.    

Electric Vehicles Continue to grow in China

With local manufacturers like NIO quickly gaining ground in China, Tesla continues to operate under the cloud of import duties, forcing the company to position its models in higher segments – effectively shrinking their potential market size. 

To counter this, Tesla announced that the company will start local production by building Gigafactory 3 in Shanghai, which is expected to cost $2 billion for an annual production capacity of 250,000 units.

According to initial plans, Tesla was expecting production to begin only in 2020. 

But, the ongoing trade war, its impact on current sales and the uncertainty it brings over Model 3 sales in 2019 may have forced Tesla to accelerate its production timeline in China. According to recent media reports, Tesla is planning to start production in China in the second half of 2019. 

An ambitious plan because auto-factories takes years for completion. BMW and its joint venture partner took nearly two years to build their factory and start production in China. 

“In April 2009, BMW Brilliance, a joint venture between BMW and Brilliance Auto, announced that it would construct a second automobile assembly plant in China. Construction of the plant began in Shenyang in June 2010, with a planned cost of US$73.53 million and a production capacity of 100,000 units. 

Production at the plant began only in May 2012. “

Also Read: Tesla’s Ambitious Production Plan for China

But for Tesla, with an average sales of 1,375 units per month in 2017,  building even 100 units a month will help the company blunt the impact of tariffs.

Even if its small, its well worth the risk for Tesla.

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